When our Constitution was written after Independence, the writers thought that the most important part was the Fundamental Right. They are about your freedom, but more than that they are about what the government cannot do to take away your freedom. After the experience of British Rule, it was important that the rights of each individual were thoroughly protected, whoever may come to power in the government. So these Fundamental Rights are called fundamental because they are essential to live freely in our country.
There are 6 Fundamental Rights given to every citizen in India:
The first right guarantees equality and equal opportunity. It means that every person is equal in front of the government. It cannot do anything in favour of one group of people. It also means that the government is against wrong practices like untouchability.
The second right has all the important freedoms, viz. freedom of speech, expression, residence, occupation, etc. It also has the important right of personal liberty that incorporates the popular Right to Privacy. It means that the individual can stay anywhere in India, practise any occupation, speak his mind freely, form an organisation. But they all have some restrictions, like you cannot go and stay among the tribals, you cannot become a doctor without the necessary qualification, you cannot form an organisation if you want to become violent, you cannot speak your mind if you are going to insult someone’s sentiments.
Right to Personal Liberty has been the most modern of Indian rights because the Supreme Court has ensured it to include a life of dignity, privacy, health, information, and many other rights that denote that India is a modern country.
We also have a right against exploitation and a right to follow any religion, even if we are in the minority. This ensures the diversity in India is protected, and given equal chance to progress in society.
The most important right is the Right to Constitutional Remedy which means you can directly approach the Supreme Court if some person or government violates any of your rights. This means that the state not only gives you the rights, but also protects them from any harm.
In return the government maintains the possibility to curtail your rights for the larger good. You can follow any religion, but you cannot harm anybody’s religious sentiments. You have the chance to get any job, but you cannot cheat your way to success. Also, these rights are curtailed in the larger interest of national security, law and order, and if a weaker section needs special benefits to correct historical wrongs.
So know your rights to protect them, and know your limits to protect the nation.